Dutch rabbit is one of the oldest breeds of rabbits in the world. There are rumours that it was originated in the 19th century in England. But the details are not confirmed when this breed came into being. It is a probable sign that the breed is descended from Petite Brabacon in the Brabant region.
It is very different from other breeds as they can be recognized easily. They have a white blaze on the nose, collar, and saddle. They were among the best breeds in the world before the dwarf breeds(Holland lop). Now they are one of the top 10 rabbits in the world.
They are also small breeds of rabbits but not much as of dwarf rabbits. They have very thick fur on their bodies. You can brush them from the opposite direction of the growth it flybacks to the original shape. They have a compact and complete round body.
Their ears are erect and don’t fall down at any age. The fur on their body is in normal size. They have a round face, hind legs of this breed are longer than the front ones. The total weight of an adult rabbit is 2.5kg approx.
There are different and unique colours that make them distinctive from other breeds. This breed is recognized by ARBA(American Rabbit Breed Association) and BRC(British Rabbit Council).
There are different names of this rabbit breeds as they are called Hollander and Brabander. It also said that it was originated from Holland in 1835 so it is named as Hollander rabbit.
The lifespan of a dutch rabbit is 5-8 years minimum and 5-15 years if you have taken a lot of care of the rabbit. They are very friendly in nature and easy to handle. They need a lot of care and time form their owners. They are very much feasible for children.
The main origin of the dutch rabbit is not confirmed. There are several rumours about the exact origin. As the name suggests it is from the Netherlands. Some say it is basically from England. According to the basic features of a dutch rabbit, it is the descendant of Petite Brabazon. The name Dutch rabbit was written for the very first time was in 1865.
There is another saying that it was introduced in 1850 in the Netherlands. Then exported to England in 1864 where he earned his name and was exported all around the world. It is the oldest pedigreed rabbit breeds also known for show stoppers.
The white blaze on the nose, neck, and saddle makes them very different. They were the most loved breed of rabbit in the world before the arrival of Dwarf rabbits. Once the dwarf rabbit was introduced in the market the dwarf rabbits dwindled.
By nature, they are very friendly and cuddly. They are loved by all ages of the owners. They need a lot of interaction with human beings. Let the rabbit adjust with you in their own way. Then you can adjust to them as they want to. By their friendly and cuddly nature, they make them good pets.
They are very much loved all around the world. Let the rabbit adjust in your environment. Don’t be quick to introduce to your friends too quick. Let him choose his/her comfortable zones in your house. Learn their likes or dislikes and wait for the rabbit to interact with you. If you want to pick the rabbit up do it very slowly and gently.
Don’t be so hard on the rabbits in case of training. They are not much obedient as your children they can be scared. They will get you as an enemy of themselves and treat you like it. They are very much liked by the younger children. If they are given ample time out from their enclosures. They can become very used to their young owners.
They loved to be around with humans, they play with you a lot when becoming familiar. As they are social animals they also become good pets for seniors as well as for couples. If you can handle them with the care they can live happily with you for long enough. 8 years is quite a time with a pet if you spend with them.
If you handle rabbits with the special care it can last more than 8 years. Spaying the female rabbit at 4 months helps from involving in many diseases. Male Bucks should be neutered at max-age of 6 months. If you don’t want to breed them don’t make them live together. Make then rest in separate cages and don’t make them live together.
Health Of Dutch Rabbit
As of all the rabbit’s breeds, they need special care from their owners. They are very clean animals, even cleaner than cats. There is no stink of rabbits. They clean their body almost all the time. There are many factors that help in the health of the rabbit. The quality of food provided to the rabbit is one of them.
The enclosure of the rabbits must be cosy and according to the requirements. Time outside the enclosure is also one of the basic parts of their health. Quality time spent with the person they like. Neutering and spaying also help the rabbit form different diseases.
The most common disease among the rabbits is teeth that never stop growing if they are not filed from the food they eat that it can cause the very damage to their face and shape of the face.
Rabbits mostly like to eat hay of any kinda type. But the dutch rabbit after the nursing period they like to eat green grassy hay. 70% diet of the rabbit is hay. Pellets are also part of their diet. Vegetables are also loved by the rabbits. There are several vegetables that should be provided to the rabbit in a moderate amount.
Pellets provided to the rabbit must be fresh else they will only smell and leave the stale pellets. Try to find fresh pellets with high in fibre and less in protein. Don’t give too many pellets to the rabbits that are ageing as they can harm their health. It can cause digestive disease because they are never healthy for ages rabbits.
Do not use them with the treats as they can cause digestive problems.
Treats are very much loved by all including us. Try to provide energetic treats to the dutch rabbits. There are many ready-made treats in the market, they are very enriched in fat and sugar.
Don’t give your rabbit with high carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, and cereals. You can provide them with fruits as treats are Strawberries, banana, and apples. They can be used when you have to train them specific tricks. Such as pooping in the litter box. Making them use enclosure mostly to sleep.
The Dutch rabbit is recognized very easily from their specific traits such as skin colour. They have a white blaze on the three specific regions which make them unique and predictable. Their head, neck, and saddle are white while other bodies have different colours of their own.
They comprise a compact body with a round shape. Erected ears with a good quantity of fur around them. The ear doesn’t fall or wilt at any age of them. White blaze makes them very cute and different.
There are many different colours of dutch rabbit breeds. Black, Blue, Chinchilla, Chocolate, Gray, Steel, and Tortoise. Yellow, Brown Grey, Steel Grey, Pale Grey, etc. The only breed in rabbits which has blue eyes is in the dutch rabbit. They have the slate grey colour of the fur with grey and blue shade. The blue eyes look very attractive.
Chinchilla rabbit is white ticked in the black fur of the rabbit. The belly shows the colour of white with a little tinge of blue undercover. Ears and eyes are black in colour with white ticking. While the tail is also in black colour. Broken dutch rabbit is also very much popular in the younger aged owners.
They are very much friendly in nature and cuddly. These breeds are loved almost around the world due to these traits. They love to be around with their favourite people to show their love. When they are in love, rabbit hop around when they are out of their enclosures. They sometimes place their hands on your feet to show love.
The size of the enclosure must be 6x times the size of the rabbit. All the basic necessities of the rabbit needs must be provided. As a water box is very much compulsory. Freshwater to be provided daily. Food pot to be installed in the cage. The bedding of the rabbit must be of 6inches in height. It must be soft and comfortable for the rabbit.
The flooring of the cage shouldn’t be of wire, it must be solid or hardwood. Wooden cages are very much good looking but the wood gets damp and causes bacteria that can cause health issues to your rabbit. Cleanliness is very much important to take care of, as it helps the rabbit to live easily. Try to clean the cage once a week.
The litter box must be cleaned more than once a week. There should be some room in the cage so that the rabbit can stretch their legs. The length of the rabbit is 20-35cm. It can vary or in-between these.
Breeding of rabbits is a very painful and risky process. If the bae is breeding for the very first time it will consume your full attention. You have to check the routine very minutely. if you see any change in their behaviour consult the vet. Some female rabbits might leave eating food or they don’t might poop for some time.
Female rabbits remain pregnant for around 30 days. In some cases, the bae might die if the baby gets stuck in the tract. Once the delivery starts it will start popping out all at once. 6-7 babies are born at one time and they are totally dependent on their mother for 10 days.
Care Of Dutch Rabbit
Dutch rabbits are not very much fragile breeds. They need special attention in their moulting season so that they don’t ingest their own fur that can cause ingestion. Try to comb your rabbit 2 to 3 times weekly in the moulting season. Else than that comb once in a week.
Nail clipping is also very important, as they can harm you, toddlers. Trim their nails with special equipment available in the market. Don’t clip them near to their skin as they can bleed.
They need little nails to scratch their skin. Elongated teeth can cause them very much pain in their mouth. The filing of teeth is very much important for the health of the rabbit. Quality types of hay are very much helpful for the filing of teeth.
Provide your rabbit with hay all the time so that he doesn’t get into teeth issues. Check the routine of the rabbit if anything is not according to the routine then go check for the vet. If he is not pooping then he might be involved in digestive disease. If the rabbit stinks then he is involved in some kinda disease.
There must be some kinda home of the rabbit inside their enclosure because rabbits love to hide from the world for some time. Place a quality home inside with soft bedding that shouldn’t harm your rabbit. Freshwater is very much compulsory for rabbits.
They drink a lot of water when playing or not. They must provide freshwater always as for their health. Toys are also very much important for rabbits. They play with toys a lot, they need something to use their energy on. Cardboard toys are best for them as they don’t harm them. You can buy them from the market or make them in the home from a spare roll left from tissue roll.